Durian plant with the Latin name Durio zibethinus may be a tropical plant originating from the Southeast Asian region. In Dutch East Indies, the island has many sorts of durian plants found on the island of Kalimantan. The name durian is taken from the characteristics of the skin of the fruit that is difficult and incurved sharply in order that it resembles a thorn.
Planting durian plants is meted out within the highlands that have associate degree altitude of 700 meters on top of the water level. Generally, durian planting uses 2 ways, vegetative and generative. However, generative planting has shortcomings, one among that is that the fruit made isn’t smart.
Sisamud Durian is one of the durian varieties found within the Kalimantan Islands, exactly within the town of Banjarmasin. Sisamud Durian fruit is tiny and includes a terribly sturdy aroma once it’s able to harvest. that’s what causes Sisamud’s Durian fruit to be continuously enclosed by ants.
Sisamud Durian is planted by attachment or prime attachment. This technique should still be strange to some folks. Planting prime grafts are taken into account economical for durian as a result of it’s the advantage of manufacturing identical seeds because of the parent.
The top attachment technique is completed by combining the higher stem and lower stem. Rootstocks are expected to be stems that are immune to soil pathogens and durable, whereas the higher stem ar elements that have the required production character. The rootstock typically uses plants that are derived from seeds in order that they need a robust root.
The combination of those plant elements is predicted to provide new forms of plants with genetic traits that have benefits, particularly durable, sturdy roots, quick bearing fruit, productive, sickness resistant, and smart fruit quality in accordance with the genetic characteristics of the parent.
How to breed Sisianud Durian
How to breed with a shoot prime ought to be exhausted the afternoon. it’s meant that the durian plant cambium doesn’t dry simply and also the temperature isn’t too hot. the subsequent are the steps to develop sisamud durian with prime attachment.
Cut the stems on the most seedlings and leave a pair of leaves on the most stems to cut back evaporation and also the method of a chemical process in durian plants will continue.
Splitting the most stem right within the middle of the stem with a cleavage length of 2-2.5 cm.
Sharpen the stem of the potential phanerogam, once the phanerogam is seven days previous, the seedlings arable to be cut twelve cm long. create the rattles kind the letter (V).
Bring prospective joints along, be intimate slowly in order that the cambium is not broken.
Tie with plastic ice wax as a result of the fabric is elastic and powerful. create binding from prime to bottom, strive to not have a spot in order that no wetness can enter.
Cover the tip of the reference to a plastic lid to forestall air evaporation.
How to watch out of Sisamud Durian
Here is the way to take care of durian plants with a shoot prime.
Discard new shoots on the most stem, this is often in order that the juice is optimally absorbed by the new shoots at the joint.
Water often by adjusting soil wetness
Place it during a place wherever the wind intensity isn’t too tight in order that the cambium fusion method doesn’t falter.
After three weeks, if the budding is palmy, then new shoots on the association can seem.
Open the lid plastic at one month when the budding method.
Harvesting of Sisamud Durian is completed once a year, usually in a Gregorian calendar month or Feb. Sisamud Durian is valued at Rp. 50,000 per fruit.
Things to think about once planting durian is that the availableness of water. Water may be a major think about planting durian. If the water is lacking, the durian fruit made is a smaller amount sweet. acreage conjointly must be thought-about, usually, one durian plant needs a neighborhood of 10 m x ten m or twelve m x twelve m looking on however giant the durian plant is.
Benefits of Durian Sisamud
The benefits of the Sisamud Durian ar identical as most durians, namely:
It contains quite high antioxidants.
Antioxidants are referred to as substances that may defend our body from the hazards of free radicals that may cause dangerous diseases, like cancer and heart condition. These free radicals are molecules that seem within the body we have a tendency to|once we|after we} smoke or once the body breaks down the food we consume.
Durian contains three.8 gr of fiber. the categories of fiber in durian ar insoluble fiber and soluble fiber that may facilitate digestion. additionally, the fibPotassium
Durian contains a minimum of 436 mg of atomic number 19. atomic number 19 itself will facilitate the body in maintaining healthy muscles, bones, vas, and cut back high-pressure levels.
Benefits of Planting Durian Sisamud
The plants as erosion hindrance on sloping lands.
The stem may be used as artifact/menage utensils. Durian wood is like sengon wood as a result of the wood tends to be straight.
The seeds have a reasonably high starch content (can be created dish mixed with flesh).
The skin may be used as an honest rubbing material, by drying it to dry & burning it to shreds.er contained in it may cut back cholesterin levels, and smart for blood circulation and heart health.